CBP employs more than 600 police officers and agricultural specialists stationed at these airports and others in Ireland, Aruba, the Bahamas, Bermuda, Abu Dhabi and the United Arab Emirates (United Arab Emirates). CBP also has a preliminary inspection device for transporting passengers/vehicles to the United States in Victoria, Canada. Implementation of the new Precleance Agreement will improve travel and trade, as it will allow Canada and the United States to expand pre-reporting processes for travellers at other airports and land, rail and marine facilities. The agreement also opens the door to the prior declaration of commercial freight. The comprehensive pre-authorization agreement is completely reciprocal in all modes of transport. In Canada, this means that officials from the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) can conduct pre-eddance procedures in the United States, and CBP officials can also do so in Canada. The agreement also applies to Canadian officers working in the United States and U.S. officers in Canada. Contracting parties may, by mutual agreement, amend this agreement in writing. “Canadians have enjoyed the benefits of preclearance for more than half a century. This new global agreement makes travel faster and more comfortable for tourists and business travelers in the United States.
The Land, Rail, Maritime and Air Transportation Agreement (LRMA) reached on February 4, 2011 between the United States and Canada is designed to enhance security and accelerate the lawful flow of people and goods. It allows both countries to implement pre-authorization procedures in all modes of transport and to implement pre-authorization measures in the other country. Since the agreement is fully reciprocal, the agreement authorizes Canada to conduct pre-authorization operations in the United States, in addition to the possible extension of CBP`s pre-evacuation operations in Canada. The agreement also explores co-location in small, remote ports of entry and includes additional instruments and authorities to enforce immigration, customs and agriculture laws, facilitate legitimate travel and ensure the protection and accountability of civil servants. The entry into force of the agreement will facilitate travel and exchanges. It allows Canada and the United States to extend pre-authorization for passengers of land, rail and naval facilities in both countries, as well as at other airports. It also opens the door to the prior declaration of commercial freight. – Minister of Volunteering Chrystia Freeland In June of this year, advance clearances were provided for passengers on the train from Montreal to New York and on the Rocky Mountaineer Railway in British Columbia. A pilot was launched at the crossing point between Lacolle, Quebec and Rouses Point, N.Y. Canadian border guards also conducted preliminary checks of rail transportation by rail by x-rays of railway cars northward on the U.S. side. In the United States, the Acting Secretary of Homeland Security stated that the prior declaration promotes economic competitiveness and mutual security, speeds up travel authorizations for Canadian citizens, and allows U.S.
Customs and Border Guards (CBP) to improve operations. CBP can now make full advance declaration in the rail, ferry and cruise environment. In Canada, the air agreement was implemented by the Preclearance Act of 1999, while commitments under the LRMA in Canada were implemented by the modernized Pre-Retrocarciance Act 2016. LRMA and Preclearance Act 2016 were implemented in August 2019. CBP plans to cover other sites in the future. In assessing the airports involved, CBP conducts on-site technical visits and examines the current and future possibilities of the facility hosting CBP pre-authorization operations and security inspections. The Agency is also looking at the benefits to homeland security. However, delays and other problems can easily disrupt operations. This underlines the i